Urban transport and climate change
Cities in many parts of the world are growing rapidly and, according to projections, two thirds of the world population will live in cities by 2050. Urban transport constitutes 40% of total transport energy consumption and is poised to double by 2050, despite ongoing vehicle technology and fuel-economy improvements.
Urban transport is also a major driver of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and therefore of climate change according to the latest report by the IPCC, “without aggressive and sustained mitigation policies being implemented, transport emissions could increase at a faster rate than emissions from the other energy end-use sectors and reach around 12 Gt CO2eq per year by 2050”, a third of what is considered by scientists an acceptable threshold to stay under a 2°C increase in global temperature.
|“Changing transport policies and patterns are crucial to win the climate battle and keep us under the 2°C threshold. Cities and regions are at the forefront of this transition”.|
Monika Zimmermann, Deputy Secretary General of ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability.
Infrastructure investment and maintenance costs for motorized transport constitute a large amount in cities worldwide. Automobiles have an average use of 5% a day and the rest are just taking up urban space, consume large energy amounts and produce GHG. Our cities today are congested and the only way out is to plan for more ecomobile options and for a modal split reducing the share of personal automobiles.