Based on the Shared Mobility Principles for Livable Cities, the Kaohsiung Strategies inspire local governments to transform their transportation systems and mobility patterns to become more sustainable, low-carbon, people-centered and less automobile dependent. It has also become a guideline for ICLEI’s Sustainable Mobility work.
The transport sector produces 23 percent of global energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Despite ongoing technological and fuel-economy improvements the figure is projected to increase by 50 percent by 2035 and almost double by 2050 because of increasing demand. Given that the transport sector is one of the main sources of emissions, many countries and cities have set their goals and taken steps to mitigating emissions and adapting to climate change.
Urban mobility influences public safety and public health. Air pollution is a major environmental health problem that affects everyone in the world and contributes to 4.2 million deaths every year (WHO, 2019). Cities can improve residents’ health and safety by redesigning streets and public spaces, improving public transportation and prioritizing pedestrians and cyclists.
Walking and cycling are equitable, affordable and efficient mobility options that have little adverse impact on the environment. To fully unleash the opportunities for mobility by walking and cycling, cities need to take a people-centered approach to design and planning. The goal should be to create an environment that allows people to move safely, efficiently, sustainably and affordably.
A high-quality public transport network is the backbone of a city’s’ mobility system and is crucial in creating a healthy and livable city. Cities around the world are finding ways to improve the public transport capacity and efficiency.
The emerging mobility trends that cities have seen in recent years range from electric mobility to shared mobility systems, present new opportunities to reduce individual ownership and usage of private vehicles. As local governments are regulating the industry to create a level playing field, the needs of commuters must be considered.