Mexico City is committed to changing the mobility paradigm by strengthening sustainable modes of transport such as walking, cycling and public transport which is crucial in big cities. In order to provide more and better alternatives in public transport, rigorous regulations and reduction of pollutant emissions to the environment are to be set in place for the buses. With this in mind, new bus fleets will be built including technological innovations in public transport security principles, accessibility and harmony with the environment.
A highly air polluted city, Mexico City has long suffered from high levels of contamination well above maximum levels recommended by the World Health Organization which are mainly attributed to cars. The City counts with an estimate of 10 million vehicles for a population of more than 20 million. Several strategies have been set to control this issue including car bans. The city also operates around 28,000 microbuses, which are outdated with respect to environmental efficiency and safety.
Another reason why Mexico City has high air quality problems is its geographical location. The city is located in a plain at 2,250 meters above sea level which used to be a lake and it is surrounded by a ring of volcanic peaks. This geographical condition traps air and contaminants along with high solar radiation and pressure.
It is estimated that air contamination causes more than 20,500 annual deaths in the country of Mexico, being among the top 10 causes of death in the nation.
To react to this, providing cleaner vehicle standards is now on the national agenda. In Mexico City the Department of Environment (SEDEMA) is working towards local polices including a commitment to renovate its bus fleet with soot-free vehicles which meet EURO IV standard. This standard is to reach national level in 2018.
Check out the Air Pollution in your city with the Real-Time Air Quality Index (AQI).
Image: CDMX ® 2015 Gobierno del Distrito Federal