• Sydney, Australia

City Summary

Located in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, the City of Sydney is as cultural, commercial and research hub. Around 600,000 tourists, commuters, and students commute through the City of Sydney each day. Sydney is expected grow by 60% between 2006 and 2036. Considering this increase in transportation demand, the City encourages people to travel by public transport, bike or foot to ensure that the city remains sustainable and attractive while still meeting the needs of businesses.

Beginning in 2007, the City of Sydney began a comprehensive community consultation process in order to co-create a long-term vision of a future Sydney. The result of this process is the Sustainable Sydney 2030 – Community Strategic Plan, which strives to make Sydney a green, global and connected city by 2030, and establishes priority actions which reflect the desires of the community. From a revitalized, people-friendly City Centre to an integrated transport network with numerous green corridors, a people-focused approach to ecomobility is at the heart of the Sustainable Sydney 2030 vision.

Sydney’s transport system features a comprehensive network of train, bus and ferry services. Light rail lines, airport links, sightseeing buses and taxi services complement the network. Since 2009, the city has built separated bike lanes and shared paths. The city has also been collecting data on the use of this infrastructure and has recorded an average 82% increase in commuters over the past two years, with the largest growth being where infrastructure is built (over 300% in some locations). Additionally, the city has been working to provide pedestrian priority on key corridors, as well as encouraging the use of car share.

Targets/ Vision

Based on the vision of the Sustainable Sydney 2030 Plan and in order to make Sydney ecomobile, the City of Sydney has strategically targeted improvements in three key areas: walking, bicycling, and public transportation. The Sustainable Sydney vision has identified the following five key interventions:.

  • A livable, people-friendly City Center that is re-connected to the iconic Harbour area;
  • An integrated sustainable transport network which minimizes traffic congestion;
  • A living green network full of green corridors, a dedicated pedestrian and bicycle paths;
  • Activity hubs which serve as vibrant community spaces in each of the City’s villages;
  • Sustainable development renewal initiatives to revitalize infrastructure, reduce utility costs, and improve access to housing and essential transport choices.

Finally, the city has also been encouraging cycling through some actions including improvement of cycling infrastructure, incentive programs, trainings, public awareness raising; the city now sees more cyclists on the streets than ever before.

Achieved results


  • The City currently allocates over $15 million per year on walking infrastructure.
  • Road safety campaigns and initiatives have helped to contribute to a 28% reduction in traffic accidents involving pedestrians (2009- 2013)
  • Developed in 2016 Legible Sydney, a pedestrian Wayfinding Strategy and Design Manual to ensure pedestrian signage is consistent and easily understood.
  • Newly activated city laneways, include public artworks and infrastructure upgrades to encourage walking.
  • Temporarily closing one or more streets in a local centre on Sundays or during holiday seasons can create safe spaces for people to walk and participate in community events.
  • Implemented traffic calming measures including new shared zones and low-speed environments to provide greater pedestrian amenity and safety.


  • Increase of cyclists by 98 % from 2010 to October 2016. And overall the number of bike trips has doubled since 2010.
  • Over 7000 people commute daily to work to the city center by bicycle.
  • Holds an annual Sydney Rides Business Challenge, to encourage cycling to work.
  • Created 70 km of cycle-ways
  • Established 950 bike lockers at over 130 interchanges across the public transport network.

Public Transport:

  • Suburban rail system with ‎815 km and 300 stations serving a million passengers per day.
  • Light rail of 12.8 km
  • 650 on-street parking spaces assigned to car sharing vehicles and as of 2016, 32,439 members of a car sharing company in the City.
  • Introduced new fleet of 38 double decker buses that deliver more frequent and reliable ‘turn up and go’ bus services
  • Sydney Metro is Australia’s biggest public transport project. It will deliver 31 metro stations served by automated trains along more than 66 km of new metro rail. First phase in 2019 and second by 2024.

City Statistics

Population (2016)
Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split (2017)

  • Walking 25.3%
  • Cycling 2.9%
  • Public transport 29.5%
  • Personal Car 26.5%
  • Other 15.8%


Increasing the share of walking in modal split to 60% by 2030

Constructing 200 km cycling network by 2030

Reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 44% (against a baseline of 2006 levels) in the period of 2016-2021.

All City fleets and 20% of all private cars in the City to be low emission vehicles by 2030

City News

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