• Suwon, Korea

City Summary

The city of Suwon is the provincial capital of Gyeonggi-do in South Korea only 30 km from the capital. The city currently has the challenge of population and car increase along with the deterioration of the transportation environment. Suwon faces these challenges through its urban innovation method which includes the reorganization of public transportation, car free roads, introduction of trams and dissemination of low carbon vehicles. These efforts were appraised in 2015, with the “best sustainable transport” awarded by the Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport.

Suwon’s public transport system consists of buses and subway lines. Its bus system is considered a national example as it carries almost 30% of all commutes. To further expand the modal share of public transport the city plans on further investing in subway.

In transitioning towards a human-oriented and compact city, Suwon has also made talk of pedestrian priority a reality by designating pedestrian areas and taking measures to revitalize walking culture. Suwon hosted the first 2013 EcoMobility World Festival, closing a neighborhood to cars for a month, and made long term improvements to its cycling and walking infrastructure, including wider sidewalks, cycle lanes, and the creation of five “pocket parks”.

Targets/ Vision

Suwon has been introducing green transportation as part of its strategy to reach its greenhouse gas emissions reduction goals of reducing 40 % of emissions from 2005 levels by 2030. The Good Governance Committee and Civil Transport Evaluation provide the transport policy towards more ecomobile and cost-effective solutions and vision for 2030. The city practices participatory governance including budget planning to improve equity and accurate service provision.

The second Public Transport Master Plan (2012-16) aims to increase public transport modal share to 52% by 2030.  Some of the strategies to achieve this goal are:

  • Integration and multi-modality of public transport, putting efforts to zero or single transfer;
  • Ecomobility at the heart of transport policy, the city aims to replace 50% of its official fleet to electric vehicles by 2018.
  • Make transport convenient and safe for all users, ensuring the right to mobility for vulnerable users.

Achieved results


  • Introduced car-free areas in 10 districts with participation from 70 thousand citizens and plan to expand to 20 districts by 2018.


  • Developed 112.3 km of bike lanes
  • Expects inauguration 3,700 city bikes / 300 bike stations by 2019

Public Transport:

  • 280 buses on 35 routes
  • Designated several districts with roads dedicated to public transport only to provide more space for ecomobility

City Statistics

Population (2013)
Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split (2010)

  • Walking 23.6%
  • Cycling 1.6%
  • Public transport 31.7%
  • Personal Car 33.7%


Increase public transport modal share to 52% by 2030.

Reduce CO2 emissions by 2030

City News

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