• Shimla, India

City Summary

Shimla is situated on the north-western ranges of the Himalayan Mountains in India and often referred to as “Queen of Hills”. The city is a political, administrative, tourist and education hub of the northern region of India. Like many other urban areas in India, Shimla has a high rate of urbanization; which has brought several challenges including traffic congestions and air pollution. Additionally, Shimla has specific geographical characteristics, a hilly place with steep slopes and narrow roads, which call for the adoption of innovative approach to steer the city toward sustainable mobility.

To tackle these challenges, the City has started to adopt sustainable transport strategies in order to minimize the impacts as well as promote convenient and sustainable modes of transportation for both citizens and visitors. Particular attention is taken to improve pedestrian infrastructure across the city, especially by improving vertical mobility, as 42% trips are walking trips and enhance mobility for all modes. The city also has put efforts in delivering quality public transport system and established traffic and parking management through smart ICT based interventions.

To guarantee meeting its commitment to providing sustainable mobility, the city has become part of some international collaborations or networks, including the EcoMobility Alliance, in order to ensure that the ecomobility principles take center stage at developing the new urban mobility for the city.

Targets/ Vision

The city has also passed a comprehensive mobility plan (CMP), with planning horizon of 2031, which steers the actions and targets of the City’s urban mobility toward sustainability. Use of natural terrain of the land to provide transport options for the users and provide faster and more inclusive public transport infrastructure for the citizens. In this respect, the CMP aims to:

  • Promote sustainable modes of transportation, such as cycling and public transportation
  • Reduce fuel consumption, and therefore air pollution, traffic congestions through modal shift from road to aerial and underground movement;
  • Avoid development of additional road network to meet the growing demand for transport;
  • Provide modes of public transport to all;
  • Promote cycling, through creating cycle tracks and a bicycle sharing system.

Based on such vision and objectives, the City has planned to develop new road links, bypass roads and tunnels; improve the bus service in terms of both quality aspect and capacity, develop cable car (ropeway) system; introduce separate pedestrian crossing facilities; launch the city’s bicycle sharing scheme and infrastructure; improve freight mobility infrastructure; and also improve the road design through developing off-street parking sites as well as expanding pedestrian paths in order to increase road safety both for pedestrians and drivers.

Achieved results


  • Developed 3.85 km of pedestrian only streets.
  • The city has an extensive network of 93.88km of pathways.


  • Plans to introduce bike sharing system in 2018 and proposes bicycle tracks within 3 routes & 6 stations.

Public Transport:

  • Grew bus fleet to 308 vehicles
  • Constructed 410m of cable cars and 3.6 km under construction

City Statistics

Population (2011)
Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split (2011)

  • Walking 42%
  • Cycling 1%
  • Public Transport 49%
  • Taxi 1%
  • Personal Car 7%


Increase the modal share of public transport to 60% by 2031 (CMP 2012 report)

City News

Related documents

EcoMobility Alliance Report 2016 - 2017 EcoMobility Alliance Report 2016 - 2017
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EcoMobility Alliance Report 2012-2015 EcoMobility Alliance Report 2012-2015
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