• Mexico City, Mexico

City Summary

Mexico City is one of the world’s largest mega cities, with more than 22 million inhabitants, and the financial, political and cultural capital of Mexico.  A city with more than 23 million trips daily and 5.5 million automobiles in circulation poses a huge challenge for sustainable mobility. The city is one of the largest and once most polluted cities in the world and traffic is a big challenge with residents commuting to and from work for an average of 2.5 hours per day.

Mexico City is transforming its mobility paradigm to one with people at its core and demonstrating that a shift toward environmental sustainability is possible. The administration has decided to divert investments from motor vehicle infrastructure to sustainable mobility users i.e. for pedestrians, cyclists, and public transport users.

Targets/ Vision

Improving the city’s public transportation system is a major priority since the system contributes to roughly half the city’s total GHG emissions. The legislation in Mexico City provides guidelines to promote sustainable mobility, improve road safety and invest in a transportation system that focuses on moving more people than moving automobiles. The 2014 Mobility Law of Mexico City states the following key points:

  • Change the legal framework towards people oriented mobility to change the budget
  • Redefine parking lot regulations
  • Care for the modal share and road safety of the people who travel in the city.
  • Create and review specialized areas for public policies aimed at mobility.
  • Planning instruments to ensure more mobility with fewer cars

The transportation and mobility strategy, part of the city’s Green Plan, offers an integrated approach to improve transportation infrastructure and awareness-raising campaigns. Mexico City’s bicycle mobility strategy is structured under four main projects: culture and education (Muevete en bici); new user trainings (BiciEscuela); infrastructure and equipment and the public bike system (EOBICI).

In addition, the Integral Mobility Program and the Climate Action Program have established guidelines that align with the definition of EcoMobility and seek to create an integrated transport system, promoting non-motorized mobility in order to develop a sustainable city. Finally, Mexico City has adopted the Vision Zero policy to promote road safety by aiming for Zero fatalities.

Achieved results

Walking:

  • Expanded the Muévete en Bici (Move by Bike) car free event since 2008 to cover 55km of city streets.
  • Set speed limits to 50km/h on main roads and 30km/h on side streets

Cycling:

  • Infrastructure consisting of 170 km of cycling lanes, 2 large bike hubs and 3,000 bike racks
  • Achieved increase of bicycle trips by 35% in the past 5 years
  • Reached the 5th largest public bike share system in the world with 6,500 bicycles and 452 stations

Public Transport:

  • Developed a comprehensive system of 32 km of BRT, reaching more than 120 km of corridors and 6 lines, 199 dedicated bus lanes, 13 lines of light rail, 202 km of metro and 26 km of suburban rail.

City Statistics

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Population metropolitan region (2010)
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Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split (2013)

  • Walking 0.8%
  • Cycling 0.8%
  • Public transport 71.3%
  • Taxi 5.4%
  • Motorcycles 0.2%
  • Personal Car 21.5%

Targets

30% reduction in GHG emissions by 2020 (2014-2020 Mexico City’s Climate Action Program (PACCM)

City News

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