• Medellin, Colombia

City Summary

The city of Medellin, the second largest city in Colombia, provides an array of transport options to citizens. Medellin has proven that urban mobility plays a very important role in creating social cohesion, and integrated mobility systems increase the access to goods and services in a city. The city was, in the early nineties a highly inequitable city with a deplorable transportation system and has managed today to transform into a livable city through urban development interventions that change the way people move through the city.

Metro, tram, cable cars, BRT, buses, public bicycles and integrated services are part of the Multimodal Integrated Transport System to improve mobility, supported by physical and logistical measures and the restructuring of public transport to have an efficient, convenient, safe, affordable, inclusive and sustainable system, with operational and fare integration.

The improvement in the quantity and quality of public spaces and mobility options with innovative transport modes such as shared bicycles and a bus rapid transit system has help transform Medellin into a livable city. With the implementation of a cable car system and escalators, disconnected areas now have better access to jobs and services in the city. The city is currently encouraging entrepreneurship in urban mobility to make the existing transport system even more innovative.

Targets/ Vision

Medellin aims to improve the quality of life of citizens by achieving better mobility by improving functionality of its integrated multimodal transport system. The master plan (2006–2020), entitled “Trust in the Future”, was created by the METRO agency in 2006 and includes several sub master plans for infrastructure, business, technologies, operations and system expansion. The sub master plans guide the mobility projects for the region, articulating the metropolitan and regional projections to mobility and life quality for the inhabitants. Recently, the PMSM (2014-2020) (Secure Mobility Plan) evaluated Medellin’s roads’ safety and designed five intervention areas to strengthen actions and measures to achieve a comprehensive intervention to benefit road’s users, vehicles and road infrastructure. The Integral Urban Project (PUI) is an instrument for planning and physical intervention in challenging areas characterized by a high degree of marginalization, segregation, poverty, and violence.

Finally, the Metropolitan Master Bicycle Plan (PMB2030), plans to achieve a total of 10% bicycle share of all trips in the region by 2030.

Achieved results

Walking:

  • The city currently has 4.100 km of walking lanes
  • Creation of 1.6 million square meters of new park space with 25 parks and 11 urban promenades as part of the Urban Integral Project of the city.
  • Implements car free Sundays and holidays (Ciclovia) to allow walking, running, cycling or practice sports with a total of 60 kilometers in different parts of the city.
  • Developed, through the Safer Roads cooperation, signalization in 35 educational institutions

Cycling:

  • Created 45 km of bike lanes
  • Launched the public bike system EnCicla with 385 bicycles
  • 25 bike parking stations with capacity for more than 300 bikes

Public Transport:

  • Created a comprehensive mass transportation system consisting of two Metro rail lines (34.5km), four Metrocable cable-car lines, two Metroplús elongated bus lines, a Tranvía tramcar line (4.2 km) and feeder Metro buses.
  • Reduced the average travel time from 90 min to 30 min by integrating the transport modes,
  • Inaugurated BRT project, “Metroplús”, fully integrated (physically and fare-wise) with the existing mobility systems.
  • Implemented a tram system with wheels to address the topographical challenge.

City Statistics

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Population (2015)
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Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split (2017)

  • Walking 26.1%
  • Cycling 0.5%
  • Public transport 29.4%
  • Motorcycles 10.9%
  • Personal Car 14.7%
  • Taxi 7.4%

Targets

Achieve 10% bicycle modal share in the region by 2030 (PMB2030)

City News

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