• Leipzig, Germany

City Summary

Since the 1990’s, Leipzig has developed a state-of-the-art transport system with a vision for sustainable mobility. Leipzig’s sustainable transportation system, pedestrian-friendly city center, and well-planned urban development make it a model European compact city.

Leipzig is currently the fastest growing city in Germany with a challenge of integrating new comers’ travel behaviors (about 40,000 per year) into a sustainable mode of travel. The new travel demands requirements to improve public transport infrastructure, introduce high commuter capacity vehicles and set high standards for handicapped accessibility. The city center has been now redesigned, giving priority to pedestrians and becoming a livelier place, accommodating people including families and the elderly, with large pedestrian areas, rest zones, and bicycle routes while adopting car access reduction strategies.

For Leipzig, the first priority is improving the quality of life of its citizens and plans to achieve this through the benefits of environmentally friendly modes of transport: such as safe bicycle infrastructure, pedestrianized streets, limited access for cars and parking management. The adoption of sustainable transit systems in Leipzig has underpinned improving air quality in the city, and as such higher levels of health within the population.


The city of Leipzig targets to consolidate and improve its current modal share by the promotion of walking, cycling and public transport, as well as car-sharing, shared mobility as well as mobility information services. The modal share in Leipzig is changing in the 21st century, shifting from motorized vehicles as cycling; walking, sharing and public transport becomes more important. In order to propel citizens to choose these sustainable and more eco-friendly options, the City of Leipzig has considered the development of progressive regulations and planning methods to achieve this goal.

Leipzig has the bold target of reaching a modal share goal for 2025: 70 % for walking, cycling and public transport and 30 % for motorized private vehicles (cars as driver or passenger). Some of the main actions to ensure this target are reached by 2020 described in the “Stadtentwicklungsplan Verkehr und öffentlicher Raum” from 2015 include:

  • Improving shared mobility (26 mobility stations at public transport stops for car and bike sharing) and car sharing has more than 12,000 members in Leipzig.
  • Improving public transport infrastructure (stops handicapped accessible, new trams) better-connecting rail and tram or bus, separating bikes from tram tracks.
  • Enlarging pedestrianized area in the city center. The concept of car reduced downtown or limited access for cars in the city.

Achieved results


  • 2500 Kilometers of walkways;
  • 93 % of residential streets are speed limit 30 km/h or less;
  • Pedestrianized streets in the city center grew over 40 % (2008 to 2013)


  • 461 km of bike lanes and an additional 500 – 600 km of bike paths through green areas of the city.
  • 6,000 bicycle parking stands and 2 bicycle garages with 1,700 spaces
  • Over the last 20 years increase of more than 510 % of trips by bike in the city (1994 to 2015).
  • The bicycle rental is operated by the private company nextbike and is cooperating with the Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe GmbH (public transport company of the City of Leipzig).

Public Transport:

  • Achieved 0,63 public transportation trips per capita per day
  • Developed a system of 157 buses, 245 trams/light rail, 7 S-Bahn lines and 10 regional train lines

City Statistics

Population (2017)
Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split (2015)

  • Walking 25.4%
  • Cycling 17.3%
  • Public Transport 17.5%
  • Personal Car (driver) 30.5%
  • Personal Car (passenger) 9.3%


Modal share increase goal for 2025: 70 % for non-motorized, shared and public transport and 30 % for motorized private vehicles (as driver and as passenger)

Cycling modal share increase goal of 20 % by 2020 (Radverkehrsentwicklungsplan (2010- 2020)

City News

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