• Kochi, India

City Summary

Kochi, also known also as Cochin, is the largest and densest agglomeration in the Indian state of Kerala and is characterized by multiple islands and canals. The City is the center of all commercial activities in the region and is among the emerging 440 global cities, which will contribute 50 % of global GDP by 2025 according to The McKinsey Global Institute.

Kochi’s transport network consists of buses, railways, and water based modes. Buses account for the largest amount of trips- more than 40% despite comprising of only of 2% of the total vehicles in the city. Construction of the new metro (Phase 1-June 2017) has pushed efforts to promote ecomobility and seamless connectivity for all.

Road congestion, a lack of an integrated public transport system and high road accident rates have characterized the challenging traffic conditions of Kochi City for years. Due to current inefficiencies in public transport such as a lack of travel information and limited system coverage, public transport share has declined at a rate of 5.6% per year since 2005.

Targets/ Vision

Kochi has a vision of providing seamless transport through institutional & policy, physical, operational & technological integration. Kochi is also targeting “Smart Mobility through Zero Carbon Footprints” in 2015, which works towards the following targets:

  • Guaranteeing access to every citizen within 250 meters of residence/workplace;
  • Promoting alternative modes of transport (walking and cycling);
  • Ensuring better accessibility and safety to everyone;
  • Boosting the economy and the development of the city through smart mobility and;
  • Making Kochi’s public transport completely pollution free by 2020 through electric mobility and non-motorized transport.

The City is creating the Comprehensive Mobility & Parking Master Plan to provide a transport vision plan for the next 25 years. Key points include: decrease road congestion, increase driver and pedestrian road safety, improve quality of life, economic development and parking management measures. Additionally, Kochi Metro Rail Limited (KMRL) has prepared the Non-Motorized Transport Master Plan, for safe, accessible and comfortable footpaths, improved conditions for cycling and bicycle parking facilities.

Finally, Kochi is creating the Kochi Metropolitan Transport Authority (KMTA) to design, plan and finance an integrated network with common guidelines and standards across all modes which are supported with strong policies.

Achieved results

Walking:

  • Developed an 800 m street revitalization project for pedestrians and non-motorized vehicle users.

Cycling:

  • Established a free of charge public bike sharing system as of June 2017

Public Transport:

  • Constructed a 25.6 km metro rail system (18.4 km operational) with 22 elevated stations
  • Implemented an efficient bus system with 1400 buses and 9 boats.
  • Developed world’s 2nd largest water transport system with 78 km route and 38 piers
  • Implemented an integrated ticketing system

City Statistics

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Population (2011)
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Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split (2016)

  • Walking 12%
  • Cycling 3%
  • Public transport 49%
  • Motorcycle and auto rickshaw 26%
  • Personal Car 10%

Targets

Achieve a pollution free public transport system by 2020

City News

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Case Study: Kochi City, India - Ecomobility in one of India's leading Smart Cities, 2017
In the past, due in part to the lack of an integrated mass public transit system, transportation in Kochi has been characterized by polluted and congested roadways. A diverse complement of actors are working...
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