• Kaohsiung

City Summary

The City of Kaohsiung is the second largest city in the island of Taiwan. It is an industrial, commercial city and port situated on the south coast with a population of about 2.77 million people. Kaohsiung County merged with the City of Kaohsiung in 2010, leading to rapid urban development and population growth increasing the demand for transport and the need for a change in modal share towards more sustainable transportation. As a result, the City developed a comprehensive public transport system within the city consisting of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), Light Rail Transit (LRT), Metro Rail Transit (MRT), shuttle buses and DRT (Demand Responsive Transit).

Kaohsiung has improved pedestrian and cycling infrastructure including it’s a public bike sharing system. To provide a seamless public transport service, the public transportation system provides Metro Rail, Light Rail, and Bus Rapid.

During he last decade the City has made concerted efforts to move away from fossil-fuel-powered vehicles, introducing an electric bus fleet, solar power boats, solar power bus stations and eco-friendly transfer stations. Due to its effective policies and actions, Kaohsiung can serve as a model for other cities interested in adopting and implementing ecomobility principles. This leadership is indicated by the city being the current chair of the EcoMobility Alliance (2016-2018).

Targets/ Vision

The City of Kaohsiung is committed to prioritizing ecomobility and providing systems and infrastructure that cover the metropolitan area. The city promotes and develops strategies for creating a low-carbon, sustainable, people-centered transportation environment. To ensure this, the City has set policies which promote sustainable transportation within the city through five major policy goals: integration, reliability, ecomobility, efficiency, and transportation networking. A number of the City’s targets for 2018 include increasing green transport infrastructure coverage to 36 %, ensuring a fully-operational Light Rail Transit (LRT) and extending bicycle lanes to one thousand kilometers.

Forthcoming actions include:

  • Establishing port-city unified transportation system;
  • Providing two-fold barrier-free transportation;
  • Promoting three major low-carbon transportation tools;
  • Establishing four major smart corridors;
  • Developing five major public transport systems;
  • Reinforcing of seven tourist transport systems.

Achieved results


  • Scooter ban policy to protect pedestrians’ right-of-way and safety
  • Green pavement for distinguished pedestrian walkways


  • Developed 755 km of bike lanes
  • Public-bike rental system with 160 stations and a fleet of 4500 bikes

Public Transport:

  • System consists of 163 bus routes and route network optimization program, 27 electric buses, 22.1 km light rain and 42.5km metro system
  • 1380 public transportation trips per capita

City Statistics

Population (2014)
Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split (2017)

  • Walking 4.5%
  • Cycling 5.4%
  • Public transport 7%
  • Motorcycle 61.3%
  • Personal Car 20.5%


Reduce GHG emissions by 50% in 2030 through strategies including the promotion of low carbon transportation

Reach 1,000 km of bike lanes by 2018

City News

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