• Changwon, South Korea

City Summary

The historic City of Changwon is located in the Southeast area of the Korean Peninsula, with its current administration resulting from the merging of 3 cities in 2010.  Trends such as a high investment in roads, rapid growth in car ownership, and high automobile-dependent mobility prompted a movement in 2002towards alternative transport solutions.

The city has become an environmental model and leading international city. Its public transport (consisting of buses, rail and ferries) and promotion of sustainable transport are reflected in its projects and awards. The Green Capital City Changwon Project (2006), developed as a walkable, bicycle-friendly city that promotes electric mobility.

In 2008, the city introduced Korea’s largest bike sharing system and created more than 600 km of bicycle infrastructure. Changwon has supported other cities to achieve ecomobility by chairing the EcoMobility Alliance (2012-2015). In 2014 the city won “best sustainable transport” awarded by the Korean Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport and was nominated 5 times for best “public transport evaluation”.

Recently the City increased the number of electric vehicles through a comprehensive policy framework and incentives. Policy reforms such a reduced parking fee (almost 50%) for electric vehicles gives preferential treatment to electric vehicle owners.

Targets/ Vision

Changwon identifies climate change as the most important problem facing the planet and views adaptation and mitigation as top priorities – for the welfare of its population and for the survival of its local industries and economy. To mitigate climate change Changwon places importance on urban mobility. With an aim to become Korea’s environment capital, Changwon is scaling up low-carbon transport, renewable energy, and energy efficiency.

Highlights of the Green Capital City Changwon Project (2006)include:

  • The Bicycle Capital City project (2007) aims to increase cycling as a mode of transport by 20 %.
  • Reach 10,000 electric vehicles by 2020 initially by converting the municipal fleets.

The Changwon Urban Transport Masterplan 2030 sets the following strategies to reduce car-dependent mobility in the city:

  • Strengthening inter-district connectivity
  • Transit oriented development including a network of railways and buses.
  • Promotion of non-motorized transport by improving user safety and accessibility
  • Improve traffic management system through modernization of the traffic management system

Achieved results


  • Creation of the Imhang-line Greenway 2010, which turned an unused railway into 5.5 km of green pedestrian space.


  • Introduced public bicycle system NUBIJA in 2008 currently with 25,000 bikes;
  • Improved cycling infrastructure and promoted its use through the Bicycle Capital project (2007)
  • Developed 603 km of bike lanes along 209 routes.

Public Transport:

  • Currently has a bus network of 80 vehicles with express and local routes.

City Statistics

Population (2015 )
Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split (2012)

  • Walking 11.9%
  • Cycling 10%
  • Public Transport 31.6%
  • Taxi 9.9%
  • Personal Car 41.2%


Increase modal share of public transport from 31.6% to 33.9% and that from cycling from 4.1 to 15% by 2030

City News

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