• Bogota, Colombia

City Summary

Bogota is the largest city in Colombia as well as the economic and political capital of the country. Since 2006 when motorization reached record levels, the city has transformed its urban transport through infrastructure changes and new policies to support sustainable mobility in Bogota.

The Urban Development Institute (IDU) and the Secretary of Mobility (SDM) head mobility projects, and infrastructure development. In recent years the city has developed various transport projects to promote non-motorized transport and improve public transport.

As a result of these efforts, the City has become known worldwide for it’s notable public transport system of buses and BRT, which meets the transport needs of most citizens. This network was developed using integrated urban projects and transit-oriented development (TOD)giving priority to humans over private vehicles. This has resulted in an urban structure that supports an intermodal transport system, public space, and related urban infrastructure.

Targets/ Vision

The vision of Bogota is to develop sustainable and integrated mobility. IDU’s mission is to develop integrated urban projects that improve mobility conditions in Bogotá, considering equity, integration, security, and accessibility, through the construction and conservation of sustainable mobility infrastructure projects and public space.

Bogota’s planning instruments for mobility are outlined in The Mobility Master Plan (PMM) that includes the following main objectives:

  • Improving accessibility and connectivity;
  • Contributing to smart growth considering interaction between land uses and modes of transport improving accessibility and;
  • Prioritizing the most sustainable transport subsystems;
  • Articulating, in an efficient and competitive way, transport system with appropriate technologies;
  • Ensuring road safety for all;
  • Implementing passenger transport to optimize traffic flows and favor low carbon mobility;
  • Reducing the levels of environmental pollution from transport and incorporating environmental criteria for an eco-efficient mobility system;
  • Seeking financial and resource sustainability for the Master Mobility Plan projects;
  • Promoting mechanisms for evaluating the impacts derived from mobility;

Achieved results


  • Improved 379,420 m2 of pedestrian corridors through the Safe Environmental Pedestrian Networks (RAPS)


  • Constructed 376 km of bicycle paths and segregated lanes
  • Planned bike sharing to be introduced in 2018

Public Transport:

  • Added 2200 Buses to the fleet
  • Added 388 km Bus Rapid Transit to the public transport system
  • Constructed 30 km Metro/ subway
  • 15% of green bus fleet (990 green and 230 hybrid buses).

City Statistics

Population (2015)
Area (in sq. kms)

Modal split

  • Walking 46%
  • Cycling 4%
  • Public transport 36%
  • Personal Car 13%


Reduce 20% of carbon emissions by 2020

Reach 25% of renewable energy by 2050

City News

Related documents

EcoMobility Alliance Report 2016 - 2017 EcoMobility Alliance Report 2016 - 2017
It is with great pleasure that we present the 2017 EcoMobility Alliance Report which contains the most recent information on ecomobility efforts within our initiative. The document highlights key achievements...
EcoMobility Alliance Report 2012-2015 EcoMobility Alliance Report 2012-2015
The EcoMobility Alliance is a group of enthusiastic local governments with a common goal: to create and implement urban mobility strategies that prioritize people and the environment. Since its creation...
Bogota: Building a plan to transform non-motorized transport in Bogotá