• Belo Horizonte, Brazil

City Summary

Belo Horizonte, the capital of the largest state in the Southeastern part of Brazil, has the third largest urban area of the country with relatively high mobility demands. In addition, the city is increasingly designed using people-oriented urban development policies that prioritize the people over private vehicles and is a model of Latin American ecomobile city.

The City’s main challenges are: the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from urban transportation; the increase of non-motorized and public transportation and; the reduction in the number of traffic accidents. Economic gains in Belo Horizonte have resulted in an increase in private automobiles and motorcycles, and a decrease in the use of public transportation.

To reverse these trends, the city has constructed new public transportation facilities such as the new BRT system developed in 2014 and added bicycle paths and pedestrian lanes to improve non-motorized mobility. From developing bus rapid transit system to improving walkability and cycling conditions, Belo Horizonte strives to provide ecomobility.

Targets/ Vision

Transport is featured in the 2030 Strategic Plan (Plano Estratégico de Belo Horizonte 2030) and the 2017 Belo Horizonte’s Urban Mobility Plan (PlanMob-BH).  The PlanMob-BH includes programs related to sustainable urban mobility in its 8 priority areas: active mobility, collective mobility, individual mobility, calm circulation, urban logistics, sustainable city, universal accessibility and management, supervision and operation. Main goals of the PlanMob-BH are:

  • By 2020, operate a network of public transport that includes metro lines and BRT, which will run in existing road rights of way with full deployment of the conventional bus system to serve a bus feeder routes.
  • Increase modal share of public transport from 43,3% in 2012 to 47% in relation to the total motorized transport by 2030.
  • Increase cycling modal share from 0.4% in 2016 to 6% by 2030;
  • Implement low-speed zones (30 km/h), exclusive bus lanes, improvement of sidewalks, and new bicycle lanes;
  • Promote road safety.

Achieved results


  • Added 8,000 km of walkways
  • Improved comfort and safety on 7.5 km of sidewalks through the Mobicentro project reducing 18% in traffic accidents in the project area


  • Created an additional 89.9 km of bike lanes
  • Added a bike sharing system called, Bike BH (2014), with 34 stations in the city’s downtown and 6 stations in the Pampulha region, totaling 400 bikes.
  • Creation of Belo Horizonte’s Bike Promotion Program: Pedala BH (2005).

Public Transport:

  • Built up a bus and BRT system of 2,100  km with a total fleet of 3,066 vehicles
  • The city added 28.1 km of Metro/subway
  • Improved bus system serves 155,000 passengers per hour

City Statistics

Population (2015)
Area (in sq. kms)

Modal share (2012)

  • Walking 34.8%
  • Cycling 0.4%
  • Public transport 22.6%
  • Personal cars 31.4%
  • Motorcycle 4%


Increase the modal share of collective transportation (public buses, chartered buses, school buses and subway) to 32% and cycling to 6% by 2030

Reduce GHG emissions in 20% by 2030 (considering the increasing trend in emissions since 2007)

City News

WRI working paper: “Trillion Dollar Question II: Tracking Investment Needs in the Transport Sector”

This paper reveals how investments in sustainable transport infrastructures can not only reduce climate-warning-emissions by 23% but it can actually be more affordable and have potential […]

Related documents

EcoMobility Alliance Report 2016 - 2017 EcoMobility Alliance Report 2016 - 2017
It is with great pleasure that we present the 2017 EcoMobility Alliance Report which contains the most recent information on ecomobility efforts within our initiative. The document highlights key achievements...
Case Study: City of Belo Horizonte, Brazil - A safety-first strategy for sustainable mobility, 2017
The City of Belo Horizonte’s comprehensive PlanMob-BH urban mobility strategy reflects a philosophy that is grounded in practical experience: reducing the vulnerability of pedestrians and bicyclists...